The extraordinary thing I discovered in a Plymouth car park

2015-02-18 10.53.09 - CopyWORDS: Gareth E. Rees

LOCATION: Plymouth, Devon

This is an early version of a chapter that appears my new book Car Park Life, out now from Influx Press.

‘A retail park Heart of Darkness.’ – John Grindrod, author of Concretopia…

‘Both ludicrous and profoundly moral.’ – The Guardian

‘Extraordinary. I loved it, and will never take my Asda car park for granted again.’ – Angela Barnes, Radio 4’s The News Quiz


The Crownhill Retail Park is on the road into Plymouth from Tavistock, via Dartmoor. My friend, Professor Dan Maudlin, is an architectural historian who lives in the area.

He’s been to the B&Q in the Crownhill Retail Park many times but, in his hurry to buy paint, never noticed the secret beneath his feet.2015-02-18 10.59.51

It was his inquisitive 4 year old daughter, Hester, who stumbled upon what Dan thought at first glance was a dried river bed running through the car park. Knowing my predilection for supermarket car parks, Dan promised to take me there next time I visited.

“You might be disappointed with the river bed,” he warned as we approached.

Thing is, I’m rarely disappointed with a car park. There’s always something. Always.

But this car park surpassed all my expectations.

We parked at the nearby council offices and walked into the car park via the “NO PEDESTRIANS” entrance between M&S and B&Q. Impatient incoming cars forced us into the tall pampas grasses lining the verge.

2015-02-18 11.05.59The car park is in the lee of a Fort built in the 1860s to defend Plymouth from French attack, and was only decommissioned in 1986 (more details here). The steep green ramparts loomed behind us as we crossed the entrance of a gargantuan B&Q, monstrous in scope, and kept going until we hit a gabion, packed with rubble to form the far wall.

Tracking along the gabion, we found a weird metal object with brushes underneath, perhaps some car park scrubbing machine to be attached beneath a truck.

2015-02-18 11.06.57Next, a graveyard of rusting B&Q trolleys, tagged with ‘SCRAPPED’ labels, linked by rusty chains, with an anomalous Somerfield trolley tossed in to date the mound. Somerfield hasn’t existed as a brand name since 2011.

This is the B&Q hinterland…

All around us there were black tyre skid marks from late night joyride donuts, and scraps of cardboard. Aside from a couple of skips there was only one car parked here.

2015-02-18 11.06.48Murderer, drug dealer, dogger, suicide contemplator, mastubator.

Most likely one of those.

Most likely.

We walked on the grass alongside the perimeter hedge, heading towards Pizza Hut.

2015-02-18 11.10.41Quick question: Why do chain store car parks have perimeter hedges anyway? Noise barrier? Pollution filter? A nod to the picturesque?

I don’t know, but I like them. And I hate it that newcomers like Lidl don’t bother with surrounding their car parks with vegetation.

And here I will make a prediction:

One day we will look back on the car parks of Tesco, Sainsbury’s and Morrison’s with a strange, sentimental yearning….

With their benches, cigarette bins, hedgerows, maps and tourist information boards, they have gone some way to supplant that role performed by parish churches and village halls, which were once a town community’s centre. But now that style of car park is under threat from budget challengers who dispense of all frippery and turn their car parks into barren office block car lots.

As I say, I’m rarely disappointed with a car park walk.

But there’s always Lidl.

Moving swiftly on….

2015-02-18 11.12.19At the back of Pizza Hut the hedge was lined with rat traps and strewn with streamers of toilet roll. At the back door, two chairs were angled towards each other. Ghosts of dead gossip in fag breaks long gone.

2015-02-18 11.15.28Next door, KFC was closed while the car park is resurfaced. At the drive Thru bay window, “Pick Up Here” signs pointed at a wheelie bin.

To reach M&S, we crossed a dainty wooden footbridge over what appeared to be a dried stream, long and straight, full of pebbles. It ran right up through the centre of the car park, between KFC and B&Q.

2015-02-18 11.19.36But when we clambered over the fence it became clear that this was no river. The channel was straight, like a modern water feature with rusting outflow hatches, yet lined on either side with old stone.

As we got close to the centre of the car park, Dan and I were forced up from the dried channel. There we found our answer on metal tourist panels.

Quite frankly, I was gobsmacked.

2015-02-18 11.21.49In car park exploration terms, this was the money shot.

Behold, Drake’s Leat

2015-02-18 11.25.27This waterway was the remains of a Leat, created by Sir Francis Drake in 1589 to bring fresh water into Plymouth from Dartmoor.

At the opening ceremony, it is said that Drake surfed the gush of incoming water on his horse.

Why? Because that’s the kind of guy he was.

Over the decades, the Leat gradually became clogged and polluted. So it was lined in stone in the 18th Century, forming the channel Dan and I had just walked.

2015-02-18 11.34.14In 1911, a reservoir was built here. We could see the remnants only metres away: a large fountain surrounded by a stone ring.

It looked like a piece of modern public art, but this was the reservoir’s aerator, now surrounded by fag butt bins. But it didn’t seem as if many people ever sat here. The fountain and the leat form the centrepiece of this car park network, but few people notice them.

It makes sense, really. Nobody ever decides to wander into the centre of a car park purely to get a sense of the vista. Why should they? They are here to get tiles, buy drugs, or pick up a Meat Feast.

And so Sir Francis Drake’s Leat remains a piece of vital architectural history hidden in plain sight beneath B&Q, KFC and M&S, unseen, unloved and breathtaking.


Gareth E. Rees is author of Marshland: Dreams & Nightmares on the Edge of London. His work appears in Mount London: Ascents In the Vertical CityAcquired for Development By: A Hackney Anthology, and the album A Dream Life of Hackney Marshes. His essay ‘Wooden Stones’ is included in the forthcoming Walking Inside Out: Contemporary British Psychogeography.


  1. Thanks, Gareth, for a suspenseful story with a wonderful ending.

    • admin

      Thank you kindly. What’s remarkable is that I knew nothing about the existence of Drake’s Leat before the walk, so it was a surprise ‘real time’ ending for me too.



  2. paul

    The leat can be followed for many miles on foot from the base of Burrator reservoir as it drops down into Plymouth..the end point is still there too at Drakes Reservoir on North Hill (now part of the University Campus) – for many years this was very neglected and access was restricted, but the University has recently spent millions restoring the site and public access …Well worth a visit

    • admin

      Thanks Paul. It was a fleeting visit but I’ll definitely explore the leat next time I’m in Devon. It looks like a great walk. I saw parts of it as we drove back towards Tavistock…



  3. Michael

    Hello Gareth,
    Nice little article, one thing though. I’m pretty sure that the leat you mentioned is Devonport leat not drakes Leat. They were close together in the area of B&Q. But very little of Drake’s survives, unless you head up towards the Moor.
    At the other end of the car park there’s three plaques describing ‘exploring crownhill’.
    Happy exploring.

    • admin

      Thanks Michael. I assumed that Drake’s Leat became incorporated into the Devonport Leat, but thanks for the clarification! I intend to go back and do a more comprehensive study next time I visit the area.

      • Michael

        Hiya again,
        I’ve been talking to some local history friends of mine regarding this. Although there’s some contention, the general consensus is that this is actually part of Drake’s leat, and Devonport is buried either under the carpark or on the route of the road. It’s not definite, something like spectrographic analysis of sunlight exposure on the rock would help resolve the question.

  4. Ernie Stanton

    Hi All,

    A little late in replying to this but the section of leat to be found in the B&Q car park is DEVONPORT LEAT which at this section of its route ran very close to and parallel with PLYMOUTH LEAT. Plymouth leat is now under the road in front of the Pizza Restaurant.
    For purpose of clarity there is no DRAKE’S LEAT!!!!!!!! Drake did not conceive of the idea for a leat; did not plan it; did not pay for it, construct it or supervise its construction. This was all done by Plymouth Corporation. Drake just made a LOT OF MONEY out of it.

    • admin

      Hi Ernie, thanks for this. I was really only going by the info I discovered on the signs at the location itself but if it’s mythic or legendary info (rather than historically or geographically accurate) then that’s just as interesting for me (more so, possibly). I note that on wikipedia they say that Drake’s Leat is another name for the Plymouth Leat. Again, thanks for this extra info, I’ll bear it in mind when I work on this raw material for a future book.

      Best wishes


Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.